Career Information
Math Teaching, Co-registration in Education
Graduate Studies
Actuarial Mathematics
Science and Society
Operations Research Diploma

Career Information

There are available, in both N537 Ross and S525 Ross, a massive ring binder of information on careers that use mathematics, and another, on how to apply for postgraduate studies. Some of this information is already on the Web, linked to the Department's home page; additional pages are under construction.  We mention some of the career categories below.

Mathematics Teaching and Co-registration in Education

The Department places great importance on encouraging and helping
students interested in Mathematics Education, in both its undergraduate and its graduate programs. Students may pursue a B.Ed. degree concurrently with their BA or BSc degree,
or consecutively, following graduation.

There is a growing shortage of qualified teachers of mathematics in Ontario. To be admitted to a faculty of education, you will need to have documentation showing volunteer or paid experience with tutoring, working in a school, etc. as well as appropriate mathematics courses. A number of school boards offer paid positions as "tutors in the classroom'' in mathematics and science, and there are other volunteer opportunities available.

Students seeking a Concurrent B.Ed. degree normally apply to the Faculty of Education for admission in their first or second year.For further information, contact the Faculty of Education in

S835 Ross (736-5001). Students seeking a Consecutive B.Ed. degree are advised that intermediate / senior certification requires two teaching subjects -- four full courses or equivalent are recommended in the second subject. There are Consecutive Education programs at a number of Ontario universities, including several programs at York University. Not all programs have the same admission criteria, so students should get a range of advice when preparing their applications. For further information on the York programs, contact the Faculty of Education.

Students considering mathematics as a teaching subject,
who need advice on their mathematics programs, or other advice in preparing for a program in education, should get in touch with Professor Walter Whiteley

Graduate Studies

York offers several graduate Programs in mathematics and statistics; for details enquire at the Graduate Program Office in N519 Ross. (Dial 736-2100, ext. 33974, or, to leave a message, 736-5250.)  Students who may wish to pursue graduate work at York or elsewhere should choose upper-level undergraduate courses with care. Advice on this can be sought from faculty members. A ring binder of information on applying to graduate schools is available in N537 and S525 Ross.

Actuarial Mathematics

Students who are interested in the actuarial profession can pick up a copy of a pamphlet available in the Undergraduate Office, N502 Ross. It will also be on line at  This pamphlet provides information about the courses at York which prepare students for the examinations of the Society of Actuaries, or the Casualty Actuarial Society. In addition, students can contact Professor S.D. Promislow (N528 Ross, ext. 22594, e-mail: .

Science and Society

This is a Program in the Faculty of Arts, which can be one component of an Honours Double Major leading to a B.A. The co-major can be any of several subjects, including Mathematics. Students of mathematics who co-major in the Science and Society Program will be exposed to literature exploring the cultural, intellectual and social context of mathematical ideas and their link to scientific developments. The Program offers an interdisciplinary study of science and society through the ages. Some courses treat topics drawn from the history and philosophy of specific sciences, while others address such topics as science and gender, and technology and values. Students are encouraged to draw connections across traditional disciplinary boundaries and to question conventional wisdom about scientific and technological progress. They will also develop a facility in, and appreciation for, the aims and methods of both the arts and sciences. Graduates of this Program should be well equipped for further studies in law, medicine, education, journalism, and environmental policy. For more information please consult the Science and Society minicalendar, available at 205 Bethune College, or contact the Program Secretary, Ms. Nisa Haniff (736-5164, or ext. 55164 if calling from campus).

CORS Diploma in Operational Research

Operations Research or Operational Research (OR) deals with making the "best" decision when confronted with many choices plus a variety of constraints in a large scale problem. Examples of typical problems are: minimizing operating costs in a large hospital while maintaining quality service to patients, finding the shortest route for a delivery truck which has many stops, or scheduling jobs on a large construction project to finish in the shortest possible time. The problems are represented by mathematical models and various algorithms are used to find the optimal solution. Because of the magnitude of these problems, computers are usually needed to execute the algorithms.  

Employment opportunities usually occur with large organizations with
complex operations such as transportation, manufacturing, utilities or government agencies (including the military). Another group of employers are managment consulting firms who offer OR expertise to other companies.  Some current areas in which OR practitioners are employed are: organizational design, industrial engineering, supply chain management, decision technology, enterprise resource planning and expert systems. To encourage students to study OR and seek employment in this field, the Canadian Operational Research Society (CORS) offers a Diploma in
Operational Research to students who complete a prescribed set of courses.

In the Department of Mathematics and Statistics one can satisfy the requirements for the CORS Diploma while completing an honours degree. This is simplest in Applied Mathematics and Mathematics for Commerce (Operations Research Stream) since many of the courses required for the diploma are part of the degree requirements. In other programs, careful planning in choosing courses may be required. The courses required for the Diploma are listed below. Students are also encouraged to become student members of CORS and participate in their meetings. This is a very good way in which to meet practitioners in the field of OR and find out more about potential job opportunities. A membership in CORS listed on your resume will indicate to future employers your seriousness about a career in this field. You can find out more about CORS through its web page (

The Faculty Liaison for the CORS Diploma for 2001/2002 will be Professor N. Madras (N623 Ross, tel. 66097, e-mail: Students who complete all courses for the diploma should arrange to have a transcript and mailing address sent to this individual, who will notify CORS to grant the diploma. Further information and membership forms for CORS will also be available from the Faculty Liaison.  

Course Requirements for the CORS Diploma:

In order to obtain the CORS Diploma, students must have graduated from an honours program and have completed the following courses with at least a B average. These courses are required of all students wishing to take the diploma regardless of program. These courses may also be used to satisfy degree requirements in the various programs.

1. MATH 3170 and MATH 4170 -- OR courses
2. MATH 2131 plus one of MATH 3033 or MATH 3330 -- statistics courses
3. COSC 1020/1030 or COSC 1520/1530 or COSC 1540 -- computer
4. one of MGTS 4000, MGTS 4200, MGTS 4550, MGTS 4660
-- applications of OR -- these courses are offered by the Schulich School of Business.  All these courses require MATH 2131 and
MATH 3170 as prerequisites.

Students are strongly encouraged to select additional courses from the following list in preparation for a career in OR:

  • MATH 3260 -- graph theory
  • MATH 4130B, MATH 4280, MATH 4430, MATH 4830, MATH 4930A -- additional statistics courses
  • MATH 3280 -- actuarial science
  • ECON 3580, ECON 3590 -- accounting
  • MGTS 4710, MGTS 4720 -- information systems
  • additional MGTS course from item 4 in list of required courses above

Note that these courses may require additional prerequisites.