**MATH1025.03M**

**FW00**

**TERM
TEST 2**

**Answers
to Test B**

1. (10 marks) Find the inverse of the matrix

by using **Gauss-Jordan elimination**. Indicate the specific
elementary row operation used at each step.

->R3
-> R3 - 2 R1

->R2 -> (1/2) R2; R3 -> R3 + 3 R2

->R1 -> R1 - 2 R3; R2 -> R2 - 2 R3

Thus the inverse matrix is

2. (6 marks) Given a square matrix A:

(a) Show that (A + A^{T})
is symmetric;

(A + A^{T})^{T}
= A^{T }+ (A^{T})^{T} = A^{T }+ A =
A + A^{T}. ^{ }Hence A + A^{T }is symmetric.

(b) If A is invertible and A(B + C) = 0 show that B = -C.

If A is invertible, A^{-1}
exists. Thus A^{-1}A(B + C) = A^{-1 }0 or I(B + C) =
0 which gives B + C = 0 or B = -C

3. (10 marks) Given **u**
= (3, 1, -2), **v** = (1,
-2, 3) and **w** = (2, 0,
-3) find

(a) 2**u** + **v** - **w**
=**
**

(b) **u**.**w** = 6 + 0
+ 6 = 12

(c) **v**x**w **==
6**i** + 9**j** + 4**k** or (6, 9, 4)

(d) ||**u**|| =

(e)
proj** _{u}w** =
(

(f)
the area of the parallelogram formed by **v** and **w **= ||
**v**x**w **|| =using
the results from part (c).

4. (6 marks) Use **gaussian
elimination** to evaluate the determinant of.
Indicate the specific elementary row operation used at each step.

= 2x(-11) = -22

R1 -> (1/2) R1 and multiply the determinant by 2

R2 -> R2 - 3 R1; R3 -> R3 - 5 R2

Note in evaluating the last determinant we used the product of the diagonal elements.

5. (7 marks) Find the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the matrix.

The characteristic polynomial
is (s-3)(s-5) - 8 = s^{2} - 8s + 7 with roots 7 and 1.

Eigenvector for 7 is solution of

(3-7)x + 2y = 0

4x + (5-7)y = 0

which has solution 2x = y. Thus we have the eigenvector (1, 2) or any multiple of this.

Eigenvector for 1 is solution of

(3-1)x + 2y = 0

4x + (5-1)y = 0

which has solution x = -y. Thus we have the eigenvector (1, -1) or any multiple of this.

6. (4 marks) If A is an nxn invertible matrix with det(A) = 2 then evaluate

(a) det(A^{-1}) =
1/2; det(A^{-1}) = 1/det(A)

(b) det(3A) = 3^{n}x2

(c) det((4A)^{-1}) =
1/(4^{n}x2);

(d) det(AA^{T}) = 2x2
= 4; det(A^{T}) = det(A)

7. (3 marks) Find the
parametric equation of the line through the point P = (3, 4, -3)
parallel to the vector **v** = (2, -1, 5).

The line is given by **x **=
**OP **+ t**v**. In component form this is

x = 3 + 2t

y = 4 - t

x = -3 + 5t

8. (2 marks) Find the plane
through the point P = (5, -3, 1) with normal vector **n** = (-2,
3, 2).

The plane is given by **n**.**x**
+ d = 0, i.e. -2x + 3y + 2z + d = 0. We find d by substituting the
coordinates of the point P into the equation giving d = 17 so the
equation is -2x + 3y + 2z + 17= 0

9. (2 marks) Find the distance between the point (1, 5, -3) and the plane

2x - 4y + 6z - 5 = 0.

To find the distance we substitute the coordinates of the point into the equation of the plane, divide by the length of the normal vector to the plane and take the absolute value of the result. Here the normal vextor is (2, -4, 6) so the distance is

10. (4 marks) Indicate whether each of the following statements is true or false.

If A is a non-invertible matrix then

(i) the system of linear
equations A**x** = **b**
has a unique solution: false

(ii) the homogeneous system
A**x** = **0** has a non-trivial solution: true

(iii) det(A) = 0 : true

(iv) the reduced row echelon form of A is the unit matrix I : false