Welcome to the Course Page of

MATH 1505 6.00 F

Mathematics for the Life

and Social Sciences

2014-2015 Full Year

 

Department of Mathematics and Statistics
Faculty of Science
York University
4700 Keele Street
Toronto, Ontario  M3J 1P3

Course Organization:

Announcements

Course Information

Course Schedule

Homework

Exams Information

Links & Other Resources


Announcements

This area will contain announcements and solutions to tests. Announcements made in class will be posted here in reverse chronological order and will not be repeated in class. Please take a minute to read the announcements carefully, as they often get updated. You may need to Reload/Refresh this page.

May 06:

Please  click here  to see your final exam mark and unofficial

 

letter grade for the course. Please also note that your official

 

grade for the course will be available by the Registrar's

 

Office upon the faculty approval.

 

HAVE A WONDERFUL SUMMER!

April 15:

As it was announced in the class today, there will be PASS sessions for

 

MATH 1505 6.00 according to the following schedule:

 

Wednesday, April 15th from 4:00 to 5:30 PM, in BC 230;

 

Thursday, April 16th from 5:30 to 7:00 PM, in BC 230.

 

Please also note that there will be a study group session to prepare for the

 

Final Examination. It will take place on Thursday, April 16th from 3:30 PM

 

to 6:00 PM in BC 105.

April 13:

Please note that the Final Examination for the course will take place on

 

Sunday, April 19, 2015 from 19:00 to 22:00 in TC Rexall.

 

The exam will be comprehensive, covering the entire course material

 

covered in class according to the  Course Schedule  with an emphasis

 

on the more resent material covered after Test #2. You are permitted to

 

bring and use on the exam a calculator of the model Sharp EL-510 RN.

 

No other aids will be allowed.

 

Please also note that the Math Lab is open according to the schedule:

 

https://www.google.com/calendar/embed?src=mathlabyorkuniversity%40gmail.com&ctz=America/Toronto

April 08:

As it was announced in the class today, the graded Test #2 papers will be returned

 

in the class on Friday, April 10.

April 03:

Please note that the student course evaluations are available at the URL link:

 

http://courseevaluations.yorku.ca

 

until Friday, April 17, 2015. It is the time for you to be the judge. Please go

 

on-line and complete the course evaluation. Thank you!

March 27:

Please note that this week on Monday and Wednesday classes we have finished

 

covering the following Subsections of the textbook, respectively:

 

12.1.3 Combinations (pages 662-664),

 

12.1.4 Combining the Counting principles (pages 664-666).

 

Today we have started Section 12.2 and finished covering the material from pages

 

667-670 up to the definition of probability (inclusive).

 

Please solve all the assigned practice exercises from Section 12.1 of the textbook.

March 23:

As it was promised in the class on Friday, I am making available solutions to Test #2

 

questions in PDF format and the scanned copies of page 3 and page 7 of the solutions.

March 21:

As it was announced in the class yesterday, the classes will end on Friday, April 17.

 

Please click here to see a modified course schedule.

 

On the Wednesday, March 18th class we have covered the material from the pages

 

351-357 of the textbook. On the Friday, March 20th class we have covered the

 

material from the pages 489-662 of the textbook up to Combinations (exclusive).

 

Practice exercises for Chapter 12:

 

Section 12.1: All odds;

 

Section 12.2: #1-27, 31-39 odds;

 

Section 12.3: #1-9, 21-29 odds;

 

Section 12.4: #33-47 odds.

March 16:

Please note that the classes will resume shortly. Click the link below for the details:

 

http://labourdisruption.info.yorku.ca/

March 03:

Last night, in a very large membership meeting, all three units of CUPE 3903 voted

 

not to send the employer's final offer to a formal ratification vote. Overall, the vote was

 

70% against sending the offer to ratification vote. The union executive then decided

 

to call the strike, given that it had a strike mandate in hand from earlier in February.

 

That means that, as of Tuesday March 03 at 12:01am, CUPE 3903 is on strike.

 

The University’s Senate Executive decided on February 27, 2015 that all academic

 

activities, including classes are cancelled until the strike is settled. Unfortunately,

 

at this point there is no way to know how long the strike might last. In the meantime,

 

even though it is difficult, I strongly recommend that you take this opportunity to review

 

course material covered up to now, catch up with readings if you've fallen behind, and

 

even read ahead, and continue to work on your assignments. Although due dates are

 

frozen, course work will be due when we return to classes. Keeping up with work will

 

make the transition back to classes a little less shocking.

 

Please distribute this message to your class mates. Thank you.

February 23:

Please note that we will write Test #2 during the lecture period on Friday,

 

February 27 in two class rooms, as follows:

 

- family name starting with A - K: CLH C;

 

- family name starting with L - Z: CLH G.

 

On the test you will be responsible for all the material covered in class

 

from Sections 5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.4, 5.8, 6.1, 6.2, 6.3.1 and 7.1 of the textbook.

 

Also, I am making available Test #2 questions from the last year with

 

Solutions in PDF format and scanned copies of page 3, page 4 and page 6

 

of the test from the last year.

February 17:

Please note that there will be Mock Test #2 on Thursday, February 19

 

from 2:00 to 5:00 PM in S105 Ross. If you have any questions regarding

 

the mock test, please contact the PASS Leader, Osama Syed at e-mail:

 

osamas86@yorku.ca

February 13:

Practice exercises for Chapter 7:

 

Section 7.1: All odds;

 

Section 7.2: #1-29, 39-61 odds;

 

Section 7.3: #1, 3;

 

Section 7.4: #1-10 odds, 17, 29, 31, 33.

February 07:

As it was announced in the class yesterday, there will be a study group

 

session to prepare for Test #2. It will take place on Monday, February 09th

 

from 4:30 to 6:30 PM in BC 105. Please note that the PASS tutor for

 

MATH 1505 will be attending the session. If you have any questions

 

regarding the session, please contact the class representatives.

January 28:

Practice exercises for Chapter 6:

 

Section 6.1: #1-83 odds;

 

Section 6.2: # 1-121 odds and # 125;

 

Section 6.3: #1-15 odds.

January 24:

I am making available the latest link to the Math Lab web page:

 

https://www.google.com/calendar/embed?src=mathlabyorkuniversity%40gmail.com&ctz=America/Toronto

January 16:

Please note that in Winter term PASS sessions for MATH 1505 6.00

 

will be taking place according to the following schedule:

 

Wednesdays from 4:00 to 5:30 PM, in BC 230;

 

Thursdays from 5:30 to 7:00 PM, in BC 230.

 

The URL for MATH 1505 PASS Facebook page is:

 

https://www.facebook.com/pages/PASS-Math-1505-Fall-Winter-2014/552752031519419

 

For further information regarding the PASS sessions you may

 

contact the PASS Leader: Osama Syed at e-mail:

 

osamas86@yorku.ca

January 09:

Practice exercises for Chapter 5:

 

Section 5.1: All odds;

 

Section 5.2: All odds;

 

Section 5.3: All odds;

 

Section 5.4: #1-19 all odds;

 

Section 5.8: #1-65 all odds.

January 04:

Please note that the graded Midterm Exam papers will be returned in

 

the class on Wednesday, January 7th.

December 11:

Please note that there will be a study group session to prepare for the

 

Midterm Examination. It will take place on Monday, December 15th

 

from 15:00 to 17:00 in BC 203. If you have any questions regarding

 

the session, please contact the class representatives:

 

Gaelle Luabeya: nsambalu@yorku.ca

 

Armin Makki: amakki22@yorku.ca

December 05:

Please note that there will be Mock Midterm Exam on Saturday,

 

December 13, 2014 from 12:00 to 15:00 in VH C. If you have any

 

questions regarding the mock exam, please contact the Pass Leader,

 

Sahand Seyedzadeh at e-mail: ss.seyedzadeh@gmail.com

December 04:

As it was announced earlier, we will write the Midterm Examination 

 

on Wednesday, December 17 from 19:00 to 21:00 in TC Rexall.

 

The exam will be comprehensive, covering all the material covered in

 

class from Sections:1.1.1-1.1.5, 1.2.1-1.2.8, 1.3.1, 9.1, 3.1-3.5, 4.1-4.8

 

of the textbook; but with emphasis on the more resent material covered

 

after Test #1. You are permitted to bring and use on the exam a calculator

 

of the model Sharp EL-510 RN. No other aids will be allowed. There will

 

be several questions on the exam, some with several parts. Marks for each

 

question will be indicated. You have to show all your work to justify

 

your answers and should explain your solutions where appropriate.

 

Also, I am making available for you the latest schedules of the Math Lab

December 01:

Please let me know if there are some sections in particular you would

 

like me to review this week.

November 23:

Please note that PASS sessions for MATH 1505 are taking place on:

 

Mondays from 4:00 to 5:30 PM, in BC 322;

 

Fridays from 2:30 to 4:00 PM, in BC 322.

 

The URL for MATH 1505 PASS Facebook page is:

 

https://www.facebook.com/pages/PASS-Math-1505-Fall-Winter-2014/552752031519419

 

For further information regarding the PASS sessions you may

 

contact the PASS Leader: Sahand Seyedzadeh at e-mail: 

 

ss.seyedzadeh@gmail.com

November 21:

As it was announced in the class on Wednesday, the study group sessions

 

to prepare for Midterm Examination will take place on the following dates:

 

Friday, November 21, 2:30-4:30 PM, in room BC 105;

 

Wednesday, November 26, 2:30-4:30 PM, in room BC 105.

 

I am also making available for you the latest schedules of Math Lab and

 

Stats Lab.

November 14:

As it was announced in the class today, the class representatives have set up

 

Doodle page to schedule the next two study group sessions at convenient for

 

you time. Please fill in your availabilities in the following link by 8:30 AM

 

Monday, November 17: http://doodle.com/ih2xb64fiigygimb

 

Practice exercises for Chapter 4:

 

Section 4.1: #9-33 odds and #43;

 

Section 4.2: All odds;

 

Section 4.3: All odds;

 

Section 4.4: #1-57, 61-87 odds;

 

Section 4.5: #1-71 odds;

 

Section 4.6: All odds;

 

Section 4.7: All odds;

 

Section 4.8: All odds.

November 06:

Practice exercises for Sections 3.3, 3.4 and 3.5:

 

Section 3.3: All odds;

 

Section 3.4: #5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15 and 17;

 

Section 3.5: #1, 3, 5, 7, 9 and 11.

November 03:

Please note that the graded Test #1 papers will be returned in the class

 

on Wednesday, November 05. I am making available solutions to the

 

White  and  Blue  versions of the test in PDF format.

October 20:

Please note that we will write Test #1 during the lecture period on Friday,

 

October 24 in two class-rooms, as follows:

 

- family name starting with A - F: CLH K;

 

- family name starting with G - Z: CLH G.

 

On the test you will be responsible for all the material covered in class

 

from Sections 1.1.1 – 1.1.5, 1.2.1 - 1.2.8, 1.3.1 and 9.1 of the textbook.

 

Also, as it was announced in the class today, the study group session to prepare

 

for the test will take place on Wednesday, October 22, 4-6 PM in room BC 105.

October 18:

As it was announced in the class yesterday, the class representatives have set up

 

Doodle page to schedule the next study group session at convenient for you time.

 

Please fill in your availabilities in the link below by 8:30 AM on Monday, Oct. 20:

 

https://doodle.com/cvx48v78tspaiawe  Thanks!

October 10:

Happy Thanksgiving Day!

 

I am making available names and e-mail addresses of the class representatives:

 

Gaelle Luabeya: nsambalu@yorku.ca

 

Armin Makki: amakki22@yorku.ca

 

As it was announced in the class today, they have set up Facebook page to

 

keep you updated regarding study group sessions:

 

https://www.facebook.com/groups/821782987842060/

 

Practice exercises for Sections 9.1, 3.1-3.2:

 

Section 9.1: #1-31 odds;

 

Section 3.1: #1-31, 37-53 odds;

 

Section 3.2: All odds.

October 07:

As it was announced earlier, the PASS sessions for MATH 1505 are taking

 

place on Mondays 4:00-5:30 PM and Fridays 2:30-4:00 PM in BC 322.

 

The URL for MATH 1505 PASS Facebook group is:

 

https://www.facebook.com/pages/PASS-Math-1505-Fall-Winter-2014/552752031519419

 

Additional information about Bethune PASS Program and about your PASS

 

Leader can be found at: http://bethune.yorku.ca/pass/pass-leaders/

 

If you have any questions regarding the PASS, you may contact the PASS

 

Leader: Sahand Seyedzadeh at e-mail: ss.seyedzadeh@gmail.com

October 06:

I am making available the URL for the newly created Facebook page of the

 

Department of Mathematics and Statistics:

 

https://www.facebook.com/MathStatYorkU

September 28:

If you are interested in being a class representative, please e-mail your resume

 

and 200 word statement of interest to Professor Da Sylva at:

 

bcadvisr@yorku.ca

September 19:

Please note that Tutorials for the course will be done in the Math Lab,

 

S525 Ross Building. I am making available Weekly Schedule of the

 

Tutorials for Fall Term.

September 17:

Please note that PASS sessions for MATH 1505 will take place on

 

Mondays at 4:00 PM and Fridays at 2:30 PM in BC 322. For further

 

questions regarding the PASS you may contact the PASS Leader:

 

Sahand Seyedzadeh at e-mail: ss.seyedzadeh@gmail.com

 

To view Diagram of degrees and radians of the unit circle please click here.

September 15:

As it was announced in class, TA help on practice exercises is available

 

in the Math Lab, S525 Ross Building, Monday through Friday from

 

10:30 AM to 3:30 PM. I am making available Weekly Schedule of the

 

Math Lab for the Fall Term.

September 08:

Welcome!

To view and/or print  PDF  files you need to download the Acrobat Reader 

 

Practice exercises for Chapter 1:

 

Section 1.1: #1-83 odds;

 

Section 1.2: #1, 3, 7-13, 27, 31, 43, 57-63, 69-87, 97-105 odds;

 

Section 1.3.1: #1-19, 23-31 odds.


Course Information

Course:

Term and Session:

Fall/Winter 2014-2015

MATH 1505

Section:

F

 

Lectures:

MWF 10:30-11:20am, CLH G

Instructor:

Name:

Dr. Iulduz Raguimov

 

Office:

S512 Ross

 

Phone:

416-736-2100, Ext. 66092 or 416-736-5250

 

Office Hours:

MF 12:00-13:00 and T 16:00-17:00, also by appointment

 

E-mail:

raguimov@mathstat.yorku.ca

 

Tutorials:

Weekly Schedule of the Tutorials

 

PASS:

http://bethune.yorku.ca/studygroups/

PASS Leader:

Name:

Osama Syed M.

 

E-mail:

osamas86@yorku.ca

 

Facebook:

TBA

Grading:

Two Tests:

10% each

 

Midterm Exam:

30%

 

Final Examination:

50%


Course Description: This course is designed for students in programs that only require 6 credits of mathematics. It combines selected material from other courses in calculus, linear algebra, probability and statistics, with applications given to the life and social sciences. Topics include derivatives of algebraic and transcendental functions with applications to maxima and minima and rates of growth, techniques of integration, applications of the integral, systems of linear equations, sample spaces, discrete and continuous probability distributions. The course is designed to provide a comprehensive mathematical background for students of the biological and social sciences. Emphasis is placed on basic mathematical skills and their applications. For a more detailed list of topics with references to the textbook, please see Course Schedule.

Textbook:

Calculus for Biology and Medicine, Custom Edition for York University

by Claudia Neuhauser

 

Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2011. ISBN 1-269-39369-3

Optional Aid:

Student's Solutions Manual

 

by Max Sterelyukhin

 

Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2011. ISBN 0-321-64492-1

Calculator:

On the tests and final exam you will be allowed to use only the calculators

 

of the model Sharp EL-510 RN, which is provided with solar and backup

 

battery charges. Please note that NO other model of calculators will be

 

permitted to use during the tests and final exam. The calculators are available

 

at the York University Bookstore. The price per unit is $9.95+HST.

 

 

Course Prerequisites:

At least one 12U, or OAC mathematics course, or SC/MATH 1510 6.00.

Course Credit

SC/MATH 1000 3.00, SC/MATH 1010 3.00, SC/MATH 1013 3.00,

Exclusions:

SC/MATH 1014 3.00, SC/MATH 1300 3.00, SC/MATH 1310 3.00,

 

SC/MATH 1530 3.00, SC/MATH 1540 3.00, SC/MATH 1550 6.00,

 

GL/MATH/MODR 1930 3.00, GL/MATH/MODR 1940 3.00,

AP/ECON 1530 3.00, AP/ECON 1540 3.00.

Important Dates:

September 08: Classes commence.

September 22: The last date to enrol in the course without my permission.

October 14: The last date to enrol in the course with my permission.

 

October 29-November 02: Co-Curricular Days (no classes).

December 05: Fall classes end.

 

January 05: Classes resume.

 

February 06: The last date to drop the course without receiving a final grade.

February 14-20: Reading Week (no classes).

 

April 17: Classes end.

April 19-28: Examination period.


Course Schedule

(tentative, subject to any changes announced in class)

WEEK:

SECTIONS:

EVENTS:

Sept 08-12

Introduction, 1.1.1-1.1.2

Classes begin on Monday, September 08.

Sept 15-19

1.1.3-1.1.5

Sept 22 is the last day to enrol without my permission.

Sept 22-26

1.2.1-1.2.4

 

Sept 29-Oct 03

1.2.5-1.2.7

 

Oct 06-10

1.2.8, 1.3.1

 

Oct 13-17

9.1.1, 9.1.2

No classes will be on Monday, October 13.

Oct 20-24

3.1, Test #1

Test #1 will take place on Friday, October 24. 

Oct 27-31

3.2

No classes will be on October 29 and 31.

Nov 03-07

3.3, 3.4

Nov 10-14

3.5, 4.1, 4.2

 

Nov 17-21

4.3, 4.4

 

Nov 24-28

4.5, 4.6, 4.7

 

Dec 01-05

4.7, 4.8, Review

Fall classes end on Friday, December 05.

Dec 09-22

Midterm Exam

Wednesday, December 17.

Jan 05-09

5.1, 5.2

Winter classes begin on Monday, January 05.

Jan 12-16

5.3, 5.4

 

Jan 19-23

5.8, 6.1.1-6.1.2

 

Jan 26-30

6.1.3, 6.2.1, 6.2.2

 

Feb 02-06

6.2.3, 6.3.1, 7.1.1

 

Feb 09-13

7.1.2, 7.2.1

 

Feb 16-20

No classes.

Reading Week.

Feb 23-27

7.2.2, Test #2

Test #2 will take place on Friday, February 27.

March 02-06

7.3.1

 

March 09-13

 

March 16-20

7.4.1, 12.1.1

 

March 23-27

12.1.2-12.1.4

March 30-Apr 03

12.2, 12.3.1

No classes will be on Friday, April 03.

April 06-10

12.3.2, 12.3.3, 12.3.4

 

April 13-17

12.4.3, Review

The classes will end on Friday, April 17.

April 19-May 03

Final Examination

TBA.

Note: The course will not cover all the sections of each chapter from the Third Edition of the textbook.


Homework

Throughout the term, practice exercises will be posted to the Announcements section. In order to develop your understanding of the course material you must do all assigned problems. These will not be collected for grading and hence will not directly affect your grade. However, it is extremely important that you complete all assigned exercises. Do not memorize them. Rather, learn how to solve problems like them. Learning Mathematics is not a spectacular sport, it is a participatory event. There is nothing like a bit of computation to strengthen understanding in mathematics! Use the Solutions Manual only after you have tried the problem. Successful students must keep up with homework and seek help for points they do not understand as soon as possible. Do not fall behind! It is recommended to read the relevant sections of the textbook before every class. Next to the classes, working out the answers to the problems is the most important preparation for the tests and exam that will contain for the most part but not exclusively, questions very similar to those from the textbook. It is quite practical to work on your own or together in small groups. Each student should do at least three hours of independent study for every lecture hour. The amount you learn in this course and the grade you receive will be proportional to the amount of time you spend working on problems.
Note: Help is also available in the Math Lab in S525 Ross, 10:30 - 15:30, five days a week.


Exams Information

Lecture/Exam Rules:

All internet connected and other distractive electronic devices (cell phones, pagers, head phones, digital dictionaries, CD players, laptops) need to be turned off during class, i.e. during lectures, tutorials, tests and exams. All such devices as well as all books, papers, knapsacks, and briefcases must be left at the front of a lecture hall during tests and exams. Anyone caught with electronic devices will be charged with Academic Dishonesty (see the next page). The only items you may have at your seat during exams and tests are pens, pencils, eraser, calculators of the model Sharp EL-510 RN, student ID and purses. Notes need to be taken manually; use of cellphone cameras in class is not allowed. You are responsible for all material covered in lectures.
Note: Photo identification and signing-in are required at all tests and exams.

Final Grade:

The official grades at York University are LETTER grades. Qualitative descriptions of these grades can be found in the York Calendar at this link. Your test marks will be on a numerical scale because these have to be weighted and averaged in various ways, but THERE IS NO AUTOMATIC PREDETERMINED CORRELATION BETWEEN NUMERICAL GRADES AND LETTER GRADES in this course. In particular, the "numerical" grades you receive are NOT to be interpreted as percentages; they are merely 'raw scores'. When the tests are returned in class, the distribution of 'raw scores' will be announced along with an approximate conversion to letter grades. The median letter grade for the course will likely fall between D+ and C+.
The composition of the final grade is as follows:
Two Tests (50 minutes each written tests held in lecture periods): 10% each (Tentative dates for the tests: Friday, October 24, 2014 and Friday, February 27, 2015);
Midterm Examination
(two-hour exam scheduled by the Registar's Office): 30% of the overall grade, will take place in December 2014, during the examination period;
Final Examination
(three-hour exam scheduled by the Registar's Office): 50% of the overall grade, will take place in April 2015, during the examination period.
Note:
Students have five days from the date of the return of test papers to appeal their marks. Some test papers (randomly selected) are photocopied before they are handed back, so we can detect subsequent alterations.

Make-up Policy:

No permission will be given to a student to write tests in advance of their scheduled dates. No make-up will be done for the tests. A missed test will be counted as zero, except under extreme circumstances in which case the corresponding percentage of the overall grade will be "forwarded" to the final exam. If you miss a test for medical reasons, you must turn in within one week following the test date the Attending Physician's Statement form provided here after getting it filled in by your doctor. No other type of medical note will be accepted. However, missing tests is extremely dangerous and not recommended. As experience has shown, students who miss class tests because of some 'mysterious illnesses' will usually average 30% on the final exam.
Student who misses the final examination will be allowed to write a make-up exam only if both of the following conditions are met:
   1) the student notifies me (raguimov@mathstat.yorku.ca) or the Department of Mathematics and Statistics (Undergraduate Office, N502/503 Ross Building, 416-736-2100, Ext. 55902 or 33969) in advance that the exam will be missed;
   2) the student submits within one week following the exam date the Attending Physician's Statement form provided here after getting it filled in by his/her doctor.
Students who miss the final examination and do not meet both conditions will receive a grade of F. It is student's responsibility to fill out and submit the Deferred Standing Agreement form.
Note: Do not make vacation/job plan until the final exam date is known: having a plane ticket for Banff or Hawaii on April 18 is NOT a legitimate excuse for absence from a final exam on April 23.


Religious Observance and Accessibility:

York University is committed to respecting the religious beliefs and practices of all members of the community and making accommodations for observances of special significance to adherents. If any of the dates specified in the course schedule for in-class tests pose such a conflict, students should contact me (raguimov@mathstat.yorku.ca) within the first weeks of classes. Please note that if the final exam date poses a conflict, students must complete the Final Exam Accommodation form, which can be obtained from the Registrar’s Office. Please note that York University welcomes feedback on accessibility issues. Your feedback may be provided by sending e-mail to: mathstat@yorku.ca

Academic Honesty:

Students are responsible for familiarizing themselves with University Policies and Regulations. Conduct that violates the ethical or legal standards of the university community or of one’s programme or specialization may result in serious consequences. Refer to the Senate Policy on Academic Honesty. Photo identification and signing-in are required at all tests and exams. Also, some test papers (randomly selected) will be photocopied before they are returned so that subsequent alterations can be detected.

Communication:

Individual questions can be discussed by e-mail or in person after class, or during office hours. Please send all e-mail notes as plain text within the body of the message. Do not send attachments or HTML-formatted e-mail. No texting, please. Also, if the name of your account is an alias, I will not know who the mail is from unless you sign it; it also risks being accidentally discarded as junk mail. The course web page will be up-dated regularly to include important announcements made in class, such as the material to be covered on the tests. E-mail notes requesting such information contained on the web page will be answered the last.


Links and Other Resources

1-Links to Calculus sites
2-York Undergraduate Math Program
3-Online Forum
4-Local time in Toronto


Questions and comments regarding this web page please send to raguimov@mathstat.yorku.ca

© 2004-2015, All Rights Reserved, York University & Iouldouz S. Raguimov

Last updated May 06, 2015